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Paper

Usually a lightweight paper that is used in copy machines also known as reprographic paper, copier paper, dual-purpose, or laser paper. It's generally thin with a small amount of transparency. The grade of the paper is determined by brightness levels which is how light is reflected from the paper. It is the largest category in the uncoated commodity printing paper grade.


Paper weight is specified by weight in grams/square metre (gsm). The most frequently used copier paper has a basis weight of 80gsm.


Paper is normally sold in packets of 500 sheets (“ ream”)


Printer paper is available in matt and gloss finishes.


Matte paper has a bright white coating that dries quickly and is recommended for everyday printing.
Glossy paper has a shiny coating that absorbs ink for spontaneous drying. Glossy paper is commonly used for printing photographs, posters, and other images.


Recycled Copier Paper
About 9 percent of the copy paper used in is made with recycled fibers. Recycled copier paper is virtually indistinguishable from non-recycled, with similar performance, colour and cost.


Inkjet Paper
Specialty inkjet papers are available. Common examples include photo paper, glossy paper, business cards, and greeting cards.


Laser Paper
aser Some paper is specially designed for the toner used in laser printers. Specialty types of laser paper such as checks and labels are also available.


Photo Paper
Printing photos from a computer has become popular due to the increased use of digital cameras and the low cost of high-quality inkjet printers. Photo paper offers the best results for this type of printing and produces sharp, clear images.
Photo paper has a glossy finish that allows the ink to dry quickly and produces sharp images.

Brightness
Contrast is a key element between the toner or ink and the paper. The whiter the paper the better your copies will look. Most paper will have a brightness rating between 80 and 100. Higher numbers represent brighter paper.


Opacity
Opacity is a measure of how well a material prevents light from passing through it. Standard 80 gsm copier paper is somewhat translucent, while heavier papers are more opaque.


Smoothness
Paper textures vary by application. Laser printers and copiers use heat and toner to produce text and images. They require a smoother paper for crisp results. Inkjet printers, on the other hand, use water-based ink. They benefit from textured paper which allows the ink to dry faster, reduces bleeding, and produces sharper output.
The above factors are the most important to consider when choosing paper for your projects. Be sure to use the right paper for your machine.
When choosing copier paper, weight and brightness are most important. For inkjet and laser printers look at opacity and smoothness. If you will be printing images or creating publications, choose a heavier weight paper with extra brightness.